Department of cardiac muscle pathology and transplantation of organs and tissues


Cardiomyopathy: causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment methods.

Cardiomyopathy is an affection of the cardiac muscle that occurs as a result of the infarcts, infectious diseases, penetration of pathogenic microflora into the body. It leads to the development of heart failure, the formation of numerous blood clots. Often becomes the cause of death. There are 4 main types: ischemic (ICMP), restrictive (RCMP), dilated (DCMP) and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

Causes of cardiomyopathy

Viral pathogens, tubercle bacillus, herpes, genetic predisposition and congenital heart defects, complication after myocardial infarction, intoxication of the organism, dysfunction of the endocrine system, pathological immunity disorders.

Symptoms of cardiomyopathy

Cardiomyopathy in the patient manifests as shortness of breath during physical exertion, increased fatigue of the organism, swelling of lower limbs soft tissue, pale skin, cyanosis of fingertips. As a rule, with cardiomyopathy a dry cough appears and heart rate increases. When the disease is compounded by the development of heart failure, it leads to the pain in the chest and increasing in the size of the liver.


  • Medical examination.
  • Undergoing of electrocardiography.
  • Echocardiography.
  • X-ray study.

Treatment of cardiomyopathy

Medicinal treatment is aimed at stopping of dangerous symptoms of the disease and relieving the load on the heart muscle. The drugs, the main task of which is to compensate the heart failure, should be prescribed additionally. At the last stages of the disease, with a high risk of death, a surgical operation is performed. In the future, most patients with this diagnosis receive a disability group. During the treatment and rehabilitation period, patients need to keep a diet s and limit physical activity. Smoking cessation is mandatory.



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